Development of water-dispersible Dy(III)-based organic framework as a fluorescent and electrochemical probe for quantitative detection of tannic acid in real alcoholic and fruit beverages

P. Arul, C. Nandhini, Sheng-Tung Huang, N. S.K. Gowthaman

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Tannic acid (TA) is a water-soluble polyphenol and used in beverages, medical fields as clarifying and additive agents. In daily life, TA is unavoidable, and excessive consumption of tannin containing foods can harm health. Thus, rapid and sensitive quantification is highly necessary. Herein, an eco-friendly fluorometric and electrochemical sensing of TA was developed based on a dysprosium(III)-metal-organic framework (Dy(III)-MOF). An aqueous dispersion of Dy(III)-MOF exhibits strong dual emissions at 479 and 572 nm with an excitation at 272 nm, due to the 4f-4f electronic transition and “antenna effect”. Chromophore site of the functional ligand, and Dy(III) ion could potentially serve as a sensing probe for TA via quenching (fluorescence). The fluorometric sensor worked well in a wide linear range concentrations from 0.02 to 25 μM with a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.0053 μM. Secondly, the cyclic voltammetric of TA at Dy(III)-MOF modified screen-printed carbon electrode (SPCE) has been investigated. The Dy(III)-MOF/SPCE showed an anodic peak signal at +0.22 V with a five-fold stronger current than the control electrode surface. Under optimized sensing parameters, the Dy(III)-MOF/SPCE delivered wide linear concentrations from 0.01 to 200 μM with a LOD of 0.0023 μM (S/N = 3). Accessibility of real practical samples in alcoholic and juice-based beverages were quantified, resulting in superior recovery rates (98.13–99.53%), F-test, and t-test confirmed high reliability (<95% confidence level (n = 3)). Finally, practicability result of the electrochemical method was validated by fluorometric with a relative standard deviation (RSD) of 0.18–0.46 ± 0.17% (n = 3). The designed probe has proven to be a key candidate for the accurate analysis of TA in beverage samples to ensure food quality.

Original languageEnglish
Article number341582
Number of pages11
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sept 2023


  • Antenna effect
  • Beverage samples
  • Fluorescence quenching
  • Metal-organic framework
  • Tannic acid

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