Development of ventilatory responsiveness to progressive hypoxia and hypercapnia in low-birth-weight lambs

T. J. Moss, M. G. Davey, G. J. McCrabb, R. Harding

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Abstract

Our aim was to determine the effects of low birth weight on ventilatory responses to progressive hypoxia and hypercapnia during early postnatal life. Seven low-birth-weight (2.7 ± 0.3 kg) and five normal-birth-weight (4.8 ± 0.2 kg) lambs, all born at term, underwent weekly rebreathing tests during wakefulness while arterial PO2, PCO2, and pH were measured. Hypoxic ventilatory responsiveness (HOVR; percent increase in ventilation when arterial PO2 fell to 60% of resting values) increased in normal lambs from 86.6 ± 7.1% at week 1 to 227.4 ± 24.9% at week 6. In low-birth-weight lambs, HOVR was not significantly different at week 1 (60.1 ± 18.7%) from that of normal lambs but did not increase with postnatal age (56.6 ± 19.3% at week 6). HOVR of all lambs at 6 wk was significantly correlated with birth weight (r2 = 0.8). Hypercapnic ventilatory responsiveness (gradient of ventilation vs. arterial PCO2) did not change with age and was not significantly different between groups [84.7 ± 7.5 (low-birth-weight lambs) vs. 89.4 ± 6.6 ml · min-1 · kg-1 · mmHg-1 (normal lambs)]. We conclude that intrauterine conditions that impair fetal growth lead to the failure of HOVR to increase with age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1555-1561
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume81
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1996

Keywords

  • growth restriction
  • newborn
  • rebreathing
  • small for gestational age

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