Development of the psychologist and counsellor self-efficacy scale

Helen Watt, John Ehrich, Sandra E. Stewart, Tristan Snell, Micaela Bucich, Nicky Jacobs, Brett Furlonger, Derek English

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorialResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose
The purpose of this paper is to develop a professional self-efficacy scale for counsellors and psychologists encompassing identified competencies within professional standards from national and related international frameworks for psychologists and counsellors.

Design/methodology/approach
An initial opportune sample of postgraduate psychology and counselling students (n=199) completed a ten-minute self-report survey. A subsequent independent sample (n=213) was recruited for cross-validation.

Findings
A series of exploratory analyses, consolidated through confirmatory factor analyses and Rasch analysis, identified a well-functioning scale composed of 31 items and five factors (research, ethics, legal matters, assessment and measurement, intervention).

Originality/value
The Psychologist and Counsellor Self-Efficacy Scale (PCES) appears a promising measure, with potential applications for reflective learning and practice, clinical supervision and professional development, and research studies involving psychologists’ and counsellors’ self-perceived competencies. It is unique in being ecologically grounded in national competency frameworks, and extending previous work on self-efficacy for particular competencies to the set of specified attributes outlined in Australian national competency documents. The PCES has potential utility in a variety of applications, including research about training efficacy and clinical supervision, and could be used as one component of a multi-method approach to formative and summative competence assessment for psychologists and counsellors. The scale may be used to assess students’ perceived competencies relative to actual competency growth against national standards, and to identify trainees’ and practitioners’ self-perceived knowledge deficits and target areas for additional training.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages25
JournalHigher Education, Skills and Work-based Learning
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 5 Nov 2018

Keywords

  • Self-efficacy
  • Competencies
  • Scale development
  • Psychologist
  • Counsellor

Cite this

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Development of the psychologist and counsellor self-efficacy scale. / Watt, Helen; Ehrich, John; Stewart, Sandra E.; Snell, Tristan; Bucich, Micaela; Jacobs, Nicky; Furlonger, Brett; English, Derek.

In: Higher Education, Skills and Work-based Learning, 05.11.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorialResearchpeer-review

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AU - Watt, Helen

AU - Ehrich, John

AU - Stewart, Sandra E.

AU - Snell, Tristan

AU - Bucich, Micaela

AU - Jacobs, Nicky

AU - Furlonger, Brett

AU - English, Derek

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AB - PurposeThe purpose of this paper is to develop a professional self-efficacy scale for counsellors and psychologists encompassing identified competencies within professional standards from national and related international frameworks for psychologists and counsellors.Design/methodology/approachAn initial opportune sample of postgraduate psychology and counselling students (n=199) completed a ten-minute self-report survey. A subsequent independent sample (n=213) was recruited for cross-validation.FindingsA series of exploratory analyses, consolidated through confirmatory factor analyses and Rasch analysis, identified a well-functioning scale composed of 31 items and five factors (research, ethics, legal matters, assessment and measurement, intervention).Originality/valueThe Psychologist and Counsellor Self-Efficacy Scale (PCES) appears a promising measure, with potential applications for reflective learning and practice, clinical supervision and professional development, and research studies involving psychologists’ and counsellors’ self-perceived competencies. It is unique in being ecologically grounded in national competency frameworks, and extending previous work on self-efficacy for particular competencies to the set of specified attributes outlined in Australian national competency documents. The PCES has potential utility in a variety of applications, including research about training efficacy and clinical supervision, and could be used as one component of a multi-method approach to formative and summative competence assessment for psychologists and counsellors. The scale may be used to assess students’ perceived competencies relative to actual competency growth against national standards, and to identify trainees’ and practitioners’ self-perceived knowledge deficits and target areas for additional training.

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KW - Scale development

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SN - 2042-3896

ER -