Development of (Nb0.75,Ti0.25)C-reinforced cast duplex stainless steel composites

Wen Hao Kan, Ziyan Man, Siyu Huang, Kevin Dolman, Timothy Lucey, Xinhu Tang, Li Chang, Gwénaëlle Proust, Julie Cairney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Improvements to the wear performance of CD4MCu (a cast Fe-Cr-Ni-Cu-Mo duplex stainless steel grade) would be of great benefit in pump applications. This study demonstrates that CD4MCu stainless steels reinforced with (Nb0.75,Ti0.25)C particles can be fabricated by simply melting the elements required for the CD4MCu stainless steel together with the amounts of Nb, Ti and C required to achieve a specific volume fraction of (Nb0.75,Ti0.25)C particles in a miniature laboratory argon arc furnace. Their potential as erosion resistant materials was evaluated through microstructural characterization, hardness testing, and sliding wear tests. The formation of (Nb0.75,Ti0.25)C particles was found to improve the bulk hardness of the CD4MCu stainless steels without significantly altering its duplex microstructure, which then led to better wear performance. The results indicate that large-scale casting of the proposed materials should be possible and that they have potential as erosion resistant materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2366-2376
Number of pages11
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2020
Externally publishedYes

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