Development of hard X-ray photoelectron SPLEED-based spectrometer applicable for probing of buried magnetic layer valence states

Xeniya Kozina, Eiji Ikenaga, Carlos Eduardo Viol barbosa, Siham Ouardi, Julie Karel, Masafumi Yamamoto, Keisuke Kobayashi, Hans Joachim Elmers, Gerd Schönhense, Claudia Felser

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3 Citations (Scopus)


A novel design of high-voltage compatible polarimeter for spin-resolved hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (Spin-HAXPES) went into operation at beamline BL09XU of SPring-8 in Hyogo, Japan. The detector is based on the well-established principle of electron diffraction from a W(001) single-crystal at a scattering energy of 103.5 eV. It's special feature is that it can be operated at a high negative bias potential up to 10 kV, necessary to access the HAXPES range. The polarimeter is operated behind a large hemispherical analyzer (Scienta R-4000). It was optimized for high transmission of the transfer optics. A delay-line detector (20 mm dia.) is positioned at the exit plane of the analyzer enabling conventional multichannel intensity spectroscopy simultaneously with single-channel spin analysis. The performance of the combined setup is demonstrated by the spin-resolved data for the valence-region of a FeCo functional layer of a tunneling device, buried beneath 3 nm of oxidic material. The well-structured spin polarization spectrum validates Spin-HAXPES in the valence energy range as powerful method for bulk electronic structure analysis. The spin polarization spectrum exhibits a rich structure, originating from clearly discernible transitions in the majority and minority partial spin spectra.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-18
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Photoelectron spectroscopy
  • Hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
  • Electronic structure
  • Magnetic tunnel junctions
  • Spin-resolved photoemission

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