Development of granular expanded perlite/paraffin phase change material composites and prevention of leakage

Xiangyu Li, Huisu Chen, Lin Liu, Zeyu Lu, Jay G. Sanjayan, Wen Hui Duan

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59 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, granular phase change material (PCM) composites were developed by absorbing paraffin into the pores of expanded perlite particles with two grades of particle size. Because of the different particle sizes and pore structures, the absorption mechanisms of the expanded perlite particles were found to differ. A significant amount of paraffin leakage was found when the PCM composites were applied directly into the cement mixture. To prevent such leakage, a new method by using hydrophobic silane was investigated as surface modification for the PCM composites. The method was then compared with nanosilica deposition method. Although both methods prevented leakage effectively, cement composites incorporating silane-modified PCM composites had lower compressive strength than those incorporating nanosilica modified PCM composites. Thermal performances of expanded perlite/paraffin composites were compared with that of microencapsulated PCM and the results showed expanded perlite/paraffin composites were superior under certain conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-188
Number of pages10
JournalSolar Energy
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016


  • Cement
  • Expanded perlite
  • Leakage
  • Paraffin
  • Phase change material

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