Development of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of phenothiazine tranquillisers in horses.

M. L. Smith, C. B. Chapman

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An acepromazine (ACP) hapten was synthesised, coupled to bovine serum albumin and injected into a horse to produce antibodies to the drug. A competitive ELISA was developed whereby ACP attached to the solid phase via lysozyme competed with free ACP present in phosphate buffered saline, horse serum or horse urine for limiting amounts of antibody. The assay could detect the presence of ACP and, or, some of its metabolites in horse urine for at least 25 hours after intravenous injection of 0.1 mg kg-1 ACP maleate, but because of non-specific interference, horse serum could not be used. As little as 0.24 micrograms ml-1 ACP or its metabolites could be detected. The level of detection and the ease of performance of the assay make it an attractive alternative to the more complex methods currently available for the screening of horse urine samples at horse races, shows and sales.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-417
Number of pages3
JournalResearch in Veterinary Science
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 1987

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