Development of an automated radiotherapy dose accumulation workflow for locally advanced high-risk prostate cancer – A technical report

Ashley Ong, Kellie Knight, Vanessa Panettieri, Mathew Dimmock, Jeffrey Kit Loong Tuan, Hong Qi Tan, Zubin Master, Caroline Wright

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6 Citations (Scopus)


An automated dose accumulation and contour propagation workflow using daily cone beam computed tomography (CBCTs) images for prostate cases that require pelvic lymph nodes irradiation (PLNs) was developed. This workflow was constructed using MIM® software with the intention to provide accurate dose transformations for plans with two different isocentres, whereby two sequential treatment phases were prescribed. The pre-processing steps for data extractions from treatment plans, CBCTs, determination of couch shift information and management of missing CBCTs are described. To ensure that the imported translational couch shifts were in the correct orientation and readable in MIM, phantom commissioning was performed. For dose transformation, rigid registration with corrected setup shifts and scaled fractional dose was performed for pCT to daily CBCTs, which were then deformed onto CBCT1. Fractional dose summation resulted in the final accumulated dose for the patient allowing differences in dosimetry between the planned and accumulated dose to be analysed. Contour propagations of the prostate, bladder and rectum were performed within the same workflow. Transformed contours were then deformed onto daily CBCTs to generate trending reports for analysis, including Dice Similarity Coefficient (DSC) and Mean Distance to Agreement (MDA). Results obtained from phantom commissioning (DSC = 0.96, MDA = 0.89 mm) and geometrical analysis of the propagated contours for twenty patients; prostate (DSC: 0.9 ± 0.0, MDA: 1.0 ± 0.3 mm), rectum (DSC: 0.8 ± 0.1, mm, MDA: 1.7 ± 0.6 mm) and bladder (DSC: 0.8 ± 0.1, MDA: 2.8 ± 1.0 mm) were within clinically accepted tolerances for both DSC (>0.8) and MDA (< 0.3 mm). The developed workflow is being performed on a larger patient cohort for predictive model building, with the goal of correlating observed toxicity with the actual accumulated dose received by the patient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-210
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021


  • Deformable image registration
  • dose accumulation
  • prostate cancer
  • whole-pelvis radiotherapy
  • workflow

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