Development of a robust 14C chronology for Lynch's crater (North Queensland, Australia) using different pretreatment strategies

C. S.M. Turney, M. I. Bird, L. K. Fifield, A. P. Kershaw, R. G. Cresswell, G. M. Santos, M. L. Di Tada, P. A. Hausladen, Z. Youping

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    Abstract

    Lynch's Crater in northeastern Australia provides a long, continuous record of environmental change within the Late Quaternary. Here, we present newly determined radiocarbon ages, using acid-base-acid stepped combustion (ABA-SC) and acid-base-wet oxidation stepped combustion (ABOX-SC) pretreatment strategies. The new results largely confirm the original untreated radiocarbon results for the uppermost 9 m of sediments, (ca. 35 ka BP). Below this depth, results from both pretreatment methods are in stratigraphic agreement and extend the dating of the record from 38 ka BP to about 48 ka BP, although an apparent increased sedimentation rate below 12 m is questionable. The scarcity of "charcoal" in several of the samples raises questions regarding the application of ABOX-SC to lake or swamp sediments, with evidence for contributions from younger, chemically resistant bacterial carbon along with fine "charcoal" in some samples. However, the extent to which this phenomenon is significant to the final age estimate appears to be sample specific, and is probably dependent upon the length of the wet oxidation step in the pretreatment.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)45-54
    Number of pages10
    JournalRadiocarbon
    Volume43
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2001

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