Development and test of the two-stage model of performance appraisal

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A two-stage model of performance appraisal is presented which argues that most performance judgments are made at the time performance is observed and therefore manipulations which affect only the rating stage will have little effect on performance judgment. Data indicate that a more useful model of performance appraisal views overt rating as a reconstruction of stored on-line performance judgments influenced by the rater's prior rating experiences reflected in their categorization operations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-91
Number of pages16
JournalAsia Pacific Journal of Human Resources
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Cognitive accessibility
  • Implicit social cognition
  • Judgment
  • Rating expertise
  • Two-stage model of performance appraisal

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