Development and evaluation of the anxiety disorder diagnostic questionnaire

Peter Joseph Norton, Christina M Robinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A model of anxiety that emphasizes a single common pathology across diagnostic categories is gaining support and influencing nosological and treatment approaches of anxiety disorders. As research in this area continues to grow, a need exists for an assessment tool of the theorized single anxiety pathology that is unbiased toward any particular anxiety diagnosis. The Anxiety Disorder Diagnostic Questionnaire (ADDQ) was developed as a screening tool for the presence of clinical fear and anxiety irrespective of diagnoses. It is a brief four-section index developed to assess fear, anxiety/worry, escape/avoidance behaviors, physiological symptoms, and associated distress and interference. The ADDQ was tested for reliability and validity in two samples: 146 undergraduate students who were given the ADDQ along with a variety of other commonlyused measures of anxiety and 94 outpatients representing a mix of diagnoses (28.2 panic disorder with or without agoraphobia, 44.6 social anxiety disorder, 20.7 generalized anxiety disorder, 3.3 anxiety disorder not otherwise specified, 2.1 obsessive-compulsive disorder, and 1.1 posttraumatic stress disorder). Internal consistency of the instrument was strong, and a one- or twofactor solution was found to be the best fit to the data. Convergent and discriminant validity was also demonstrated. Data from those clinical participants who completed a manualized cognitive-behavioral treatment program indicated a very strong concordance between change on the ADDQ and change in clinician severity ratings from a structured diagnostic interview. The findings offer support for the psychometric validity of the ADDQ in both clinical and nonclinical populations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-149
Number of pages13
JournalCognitive Behaviour Therapy
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

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