Developing WaterHCI and OceanicXV technologies for diving

Sarah Jane Pell, Steve Mann, Michael Lombardi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearch


Technical diving requires us to be fully cognizant of our interactions with advanced life support systems, our adaptation to the natural environment and our participation in complex oceanic operations. It exists
at the liminal space between water, humans, and technology. We explore the future of technical, artistic, and research diving at the intersection of water and human-computer interaction (HCI), specifically through WaterHCI (Water-Human-Computer Interaction) reconfigured for eXtended Reality (XR) and eXtended meta-uniVerse (XV) technical diving systems. The ocean is a live and extended immersive environment. An OceanicXR/XV is key to re-envisage beyond the so-often undifferentiated oceanic-symbolic world encountered in XR/XV to support underwater omnidirectional awareness and communication. As we dive into exploring three underwater case studies, we are highlighting the probabilities of WaterHCI and OceanicXV for the future of technical diving. Through our experimentation to reconceive XV underwater, we initiate a quest for an HCI design language that incorporates interactions uniquely aquatic. The opportunity in the marine and waterways extended infrastructure of the metaverse is equally technical and conceptual. We aim to address the gap of design for dynamic and phenomenological paradigms spanning transits between submerged, terrestrial, and aerial environments, and into virtuality and alterity from deep time to Narcosis. Building upon the XV framework, we submit an initial framework conceptualization of the OceannXV to advance global impact goals in marine technologies for life underwater.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOceans Limerick 2023
Subtitle of host publication8.3 Marine Safety and Security
EditorsEdin Omerdic, Phillipe Cradoso Santos, John Ringwood
Place of PublicationPiscataway NJ USA
PublisherIEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9798350332261
ISBN (Print)9798350332278
Publication statusPublished - 2023
EventOCEANS 2023 - University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland
Duration: 5 Jun 20238 Jun 2023 (Proceedings)


ConferenceOCEANS 2023
Abbreviated titleOCEANS 2023
Internet address


  • WaterHCI
  • diving technologies
  • meta universes
  • extended ocean reality
  • ocean multiverses
  • OCEANS 2023

    Sarah Jane Pell (Session chair) & Haiyan Wang (Session chair)

    5 Jun 20238 Jun 2023

    Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesContribution to conference

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