Developing of a magnetite film of carboxymethyl cellulose grafted carboxymethyl polyvinyl alcohol (CMC-g-CMPVA) for copper removal

Nuraina Anisa Dahlan, Anand Kumar Veeramachineni, Steven James Langford, Janarthanan Pushpamalar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Crosslinked carboxymethyl cellulose grafted carboxymethyl polyvinyl alcohol (CMC-g-CMPVA) was loaded with modified magnetite iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles to synthesise a new and easily separable adsorbent for the removal of copper (II) ions from water. The novel adsorbents were characterised by the presence of the functional group, surface morphology, crystallinity and magnetic property. The equilibrium time from the adsorption studies was found to be less than 240 min for both film and bead forms while the rate of Cu2+ removal decreased as the initial Cu2+ concentration increased. In addition, CMC-g-CMPVA film loaded with Fe3O4/SiO2 nanoparticles was the best adsorbent with maximum adsorption capacity of 35.34 mg/g and exhibited a reusable potential. The properties exhibited by the new heterogeneous material is a promising adsorbent for the removal and recovery of copper (II) from wastewater.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)619-630
Number of pages12
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume173
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017

Keywords

  • Copper adsorption
  • Copper removal
  • Crosslinked carboxymethyl cellulose
  • Grafted copolymer
  • Magnetite nanoparticles

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