Developing critical thinking in the Australian curriculum: pedagogical implications and the pivotal elements (?)

Mohammad Akshir Bin Ab Kadir

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract


Critical and creative thinking is one of the essential 'general capabilities' that school leavers need to develop in the Australian curriculum. It is also described as a key dimension in preparing 'students to live and work in the 21st century' and is seen as 'fundamental to effective learning'. All this underscores the importance of teachers having to successfully teach students to think critically and creatively. As the agents of change, it is what teachers ultimately do in this
regard in the classroom that will most likely determine the efficacy of developing this key capability. However, research suggests that teachers who incorporate critical thinking usually do so unconsciously or without making it explicit to learners. As a result, classroom instruction often marginalises the importance of fostering a culture of thinking and of explicitly teaching students to think critically, putting at risk the successful development of this capability. Based on a body of research on critical thinking, this paper aims to draw the pedagogical implications for teachers and posits what might be the pivotal elements for them to take into the classroom to successfully develop students' ability to think critically, an undoubtedly essential 21st century skill.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2015

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