Developing a child and adolescent chorister engagement survey (CASES): Probing perceptions of early collective experiences and outcomes

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This article describes the design and implementation of a survey instrument specifically developed for 6–17-year-old
Australian choral singers to access and measure participants’ perceptions of their self-esteem, self-efficacy, musical
identity and social engagement as outcomes of participation in a high-quality choral ensemble. After reviewing existing
music surveys and identifying their strengths, complementarities, differences and potential weaknesses, we adapted
established surveys from psychology and social science literature to the choral music setting. An initial draft survey was
trialled with higher education choristers and refined prior to implementation in six young choirs that were noted for their
high-quality performance. Data from 202 surveys were analysed using confirmatory factor analysis and this resulted in a
four-factor model. The validated survey was implemented twice over a six-month period with 61 choristers drawn from
three choirs. Results showed that social and psychological benefits of choir participation were evidenced, maintained and
even improved over time. Findings support the suitability and psychometric soundness of this new survey instrument, and
demonstrate the usefulness of adapting psychological/social survey instruments to music research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalMusic & Science
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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