Deterrence and arrest ratios

Stephanie E. Carmichael, Alex R. Piquero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


In the limited research on the origins of sanction threat perceptions, researchers have focused on either the effects of actively engaging in crime or the effects of formal sanctioning but rarely on both (i.e., the arrest ratio or the number of arrests relative to the number of crimes committed). This article extends this line of research by using a sample of Colorado inmates and measures arrest ratios and sanction perceptions for eight different crime types. Analyses reveal that the offenders report both significant experiential and arrest ratio effects. Theoretical and policy implications, limitations, and directions for future research are outlined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-87
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Arrest ratios
  • Deterrence
  • Sanction threat perceptions

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