Determining the efficacy and tolerance of quetiapine extended release for the management of psychosis and accompanying acute behavioral disturbance in adult acute psychiatry

Stuart James Lee, Fiona Marie Foley, Erica Hannagan, Jayashri Kulkarni, Peter Bosanac, David Castle, Yitzchak Hollander

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This study was conducted to explore the efficacy and tolerability of quetiapine extended release to treat psychosis and accompanying acute behavioral disturbance in hospitalized psychiatric patients. Patients with psychosis who displayed aggression were administered quetiapine (day 1 mean dose: 293.3 mg). Symptoms and side effects were assessed prospectively over an 8-day period. Symptoms were measured by the Overt Aggression Scale and Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, and side effects were measured using the Simpson-Angus Scale and Barnes Akathisia Rating Scale. Fifteen of 16 consenting patients completed the study. Aggression was significantly reduced by day 3. Psychopathology also was significantly reduced, with the greatest improvement in BPRS Thinking Disturbance subscale scores. No significant increase in movement side effects was seen by day 8. Seven participants were administered a concomitant sedating antipsychotic on an as-needed basis, particularly in the first 4 days of treatment; these participants displayed much greater aggression?but not psychopathology?at day 1, and it took longer for their aggression and psychopathology to improve compared with patients treated with quetiapine as the sole antipsychotic. Further research is needed before definitive recommendations can be made. However, current findings provide tentative support for quetiapine as a safe and effective medication for treating concurrent psychosis and behavioral disturbance, particularly in less severely aggressive patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271 - 278
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Clinical Psychiatry
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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