Determinants of modern contraceptive utilization among married women of reproductive age group in North Shoa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia

Abdurahman Mohammed, Desalegn Woldeyohannes, Amsalu Feleke, Berihun Megabiaw

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40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa with high fertility and fast population growth rate. It is also one of the countries with high maternal and child mortality rate in sub-Saharan Africa Family planning is a crucial strategy to halt the fast population growth, to reduce child mortality and improve maternal health Millennium Development Goal 4 and 5. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the prevalence and determinants of modern contraceptive utilization among married women of reproductive age group. Methods. A community based cross-sectional study was conducted from August 15 to September 1, 2010 among married women aged 15-49 years in Debre Birhan District. Multistage sampling technique was used to select a total of 851 study participants. A pre-tested structured questionnaire was used for gathering data. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed using SPSS version 16.0 statistical package. Results: Modern contraceptive prevalence rate among currently married women was 46.9%. Injectable contraceptives were the most frequently used methods 62.9%, followed by intrauterine device 16.8%, pills 14%, norplant 4.3%, male condom 1.2% and female sterilization 0.8%. Multiple logistic regression model revealed that the need for more children AOR 9.27, 95% CI 5.43-15.84, husband approve AOR 2.82, 95% CI 1.67-4.80, couple's discussion about family planning issues AOR 7.32, 95% CI 3.60-14.86. Similarly, monthly family income and number of living children were significantly associated with the use of modern contraceptives. Conclusion: Modern contraceptive use was high in the district. Couple's discussion and husband approval of contraceptives use were significantly associated with the use of modern contraceptives. Therefore, district health office and concerned stakeholders should focus on couples to encourage communication and male involvement for family planning.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13
Number of pages7
JournalReproductive Health
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Contraceptive use
  • Determinants
  • Ethiopia
  • Modern contraceptives

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