Detection of internal carotid artery stenosis with duplex velocity criteria using receiver operating characteristic analysis

Hoe Chin Chua, Yih Yian Sitoh, Arul Earnest, N. Venketasubramanian

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Duplex ultrasonography is an excellent non-invasive screening tool for carotid artery stenosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate optimal ultrasonographic criteria for determination of internal carotid artery stenosis with reference to digital subtraction angiography. Materials and Methods: From January 1995 to December 2003, 114 symptomatic patients underwent both duplex ultrasonography and angiography. Seven velocity criteria were compared with angiographic stenosis and receiver operating characteristic curves were used to determine the best cutoff for each criteria. Results: Internal carotid artery/common carotid artery systolic velocity ratios (PSV ICA/PSV CCA) and systolic internal carotid artery/diastolic common carotid artery ratios (PSV ICA/EDV CCA) were superior to other criteria for diagnosing internal carotid artery stenosis. For 50% stenosis, the best criterion of PSV ICA/PSV CCA was 1.5 [sensitivity 100%, specificity 85%, area under the curve (AUC) 99%], and the best criterion of PSV ICA/EDV CCA was 3.5 (sensitivity 100%, specificity 58%, AUC 99%). For 60% stenosis, the best criterion of PSV ICA/PSV CCA was 2.6 (sensitivity 100%, specificity 94%, AUC 99%), and the best criterion of PSV ICA/EDV CCA was 10.3 (sensitivity 100%, specificity 96%, AUC 99%). For 70% stenosis, the best criterion of PSV ICA/PSV CCA was 3.1 (sensitivity 100%, specificity 91%, AUC 99%), and the best criterion of PSV ICA/EDV CCA was 10.3 (sensitivity 100%, specificity 91%, AUC 99%). Conclusion: Our study showed that velocity ratios are superior to other criteria for detecting carotid stenosis. Each laboratory needs to validate its own results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-252
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore
Volume36
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Angiography
  • Duplex
  • Extracranial
  • Internal carotid artery

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