Detection of hepatozoon canis in the brown dog tick and domestic dogs in Peninsular Malaysia

Batah Kunalan Prakash, Van Lun Low, Tiong Kai Tan, Wei Yin Vinnie-Siow, Yvonne Ai Lian Lim, Akhavan Rezaei Morvarid, Adzzie Shazleen Azman, Yze Shiuan Yeong, Sazaly Abubakar, Mohd Sofian-Azirun

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hepatozoon canis has been widely reported in dogs. Its prevalence in ticks, however, has not been well-established. Here we determine the occurrence of Hepatozoon DNA in the brown dog tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille) (Acari: Ixodidae) sensu lato (s.l.) and domestic dogs from Peninsular Malaysia using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay based on amplification of the 18S ribosomal RNA coding sequence. Our results revealed a relatively low prevalence of H. canis DNA in both R. sanguineus s.l. (0.7%) and dogs (3.33%). This study represents the first report of H. canis DNA in R. sanguineus s.l. in Malaysia, highlighting the risk of this infection in dogs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1346-1348
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Medical Entomology
Volume55
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • dog tick
  • Hepatozoon canis
  • infectious disease
  • Malaysia
  • Rhipicephalus sanguineus

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