The extensive use of halomethanes (CH3X, X = F, Cl, Br, I) as refrigerants, propellants, and pesticides has drawn serious concern due to their adverse biological and atmospheric impact. However, there are currently no portable rapid and accurate monitoring systems for their detection. This work introduces an approach for the selective and sensitive detection of halomethanes using photoluminescence spectral shifts in cesium lead halide perovskite nanocrystals. Focusing on iodomethane (CH3I) as a model system, it is shown that cesium lead bromide (CsPbBr3) nanocrystals can undergo rapid (<5 s) halide exchange, but only after exposure to oleylamine to induce nucleophilic substitution of the CH3I and release the iodide species. The extent of the halide exchange is directly dependent on the CH3I concentration, with the photoluminescence emission of the CsPbBr3 nanocrystals exhibiting a redshift of more than 150 nm upon the addition of 10 ppmv of CH3I. This represents the widest detection range and the highest sensitivity to the detection of halomethanes using a low-cost and portable approach reported to date. Furthermore, inherent selectivity for halomethanes compared to other organohalide analogues is achieved through the dramatic differences in their alkylation reactivity.
- perovskite nanocrystals