Design for safety knowledge-based bim-integrated risk register system

M. D. Aslam Hossain, Ernest L.S. Abbott, David K.H. Chua

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperOther

1 Citation (Scopus)


Safety is a major challenge in the Construction industry. Researchers have shown that many construction fatalities could have been avoided with proper design considerations. Design for safety (DfS) knowledge helps designers to identify how their design may pose a risk during the life cycle of a building facility. Hence, designers can use DfS knowledge to address these safety issues in the design phase. Nevertheless, identified risk and required mitigation of the risk must be noted in a risk register. Moreover, all the risks cannot be addressed or eliminated during design. Hence, residual risks must be addressed during actual construction, operation and maintenance. This study proposes a DfS knowledge-based risk register system that registers design deficient risk with mitigation action and the residual risks that must be addressed during actual construction. The risk register is integrated with the BIM so that the residual risks can be easily visualized in BIM compliant 3D model for further action in later phases. A structure of risk identification procedure incorporating DfS knowledge is described. Identified risks are stored in a database. Mitigation action along with residual risks and responsible persons/parties for a design element are linked with the BIM model. Such early identification of hazard would be very useful to be prepared for any potential risk in advance which can save significant time and cost for the constructor.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationISEC 2017 - 9th International Structural Engineering and Construction Conference
Subtitle of host publicationResilient Structures and Sustainable Construction
EditorsJose M. Adam, Eugenio Pellicer, Siamak Yazdani, Amarjit Singh, Victor Yepes
PublisherISEC Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780996043748
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational Structural Engineering and Construction Conference 2017: Resilient Structures and Sustainable Construction - Valencia, Spain
Duration: 24 Jul 201729 Jul 2017
Conference number: 9th


ConferenceInternational Structural Engineering and Construction Conference 2017
Abbreviated titleISEC 2017


  • Building information modeling
  • Construction safety
  • DfS rule
  • Knowledge library
  • Residual risk
  • Risk mitigation
  • Risk review
  • Risk visualization

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