Design and development of platform ankle rehabilitation robot with Shape Memory Alloy based actuator

Chong Tune Hau, Darwin Gouwanda, Alpha Agape Gopalai, Low Cheng Yee, Fazah Akhtar Binti Hanapiah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperOther

5 Citations (Scopus)


Various ankle rehabilitation robots have been developed in the recent decade to improve ankle strength and mobility and to alleviate the burdens on clinicians and physiotherapists. However, existing designs have stiff actuating mechanism, heavy and bulky electromagnetic or pneumatic actuators. This paper introduces ankle rehabilitation robot that utilizes Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) wire actuator to provide foot plantarflexion and dorsiflexion during rehabilitation exercise. SMA wire is a smart material that can contract when it is heated and expand back to its original shape when it is cooled. It also has high power to weight ratio. However, the SMA wire has low cooling rate thus limits its operating frequency. A periodical cooling mechanism is proposed here. Its efficacy is then evaluated against natural cooling and continuous forced convection. The experimental study shows promising results and demonstrates that periodical cooling has both the advantages of natural cooling and forced convection and can improve the cooling rate of SMA wire actuator.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Subtitle of host publicationSmarter Technology for a Healthier World, EMBC 2017 - Proceedings
PublisherIEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781509028092
Publication statusPublished - 13 Sept 2017
EventInternational Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society 2017 - Jeju Island, Korea, South
Duration: 11 Jul 201715 Jul 2017
Conference number: 39th (Proceedings)


ConferenceInternational Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society 2017
Abbreviated titleEMBC 2017
Country/TerritoryKorea, South
CityJeju Island
Internet address

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