Describing nutrition in spinal muscular atrophy: A systematic review

Georgia E. Moore, Amara W. Lindenmayer, Grace A. McConchie, Monique M. Ryan, Zoe E. Davidson

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36 Citations (Scopus)


Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive neuromuscular disease of variable severity. Progressive muscle wasting and impairment in functional ability in SMA have a profound influence on nutritional outcomes. This systematic review summarises the existing evidence on nutrition in SMA. The search strategy was conducted across five databases in August 2014, and updated in March 2016, using key terms relating to growth, nutrition requirements, dietary intake and nutrition management. Studies were selected for inclusion using a two pass method, and data systematically extracted using standardised forms. Thirty-nine studies met eligibility criteria. Body composition is abnormal in patients with SMA, and feeding and swallowing issues are prevalent among sufferers of SMA types I and II. Nutritional management practices vary internationally. There is a paucity of literature regarding nutrition requirements in SMA, although it appears that energy expenditure may be reduced. Children with SMA require individualised nutritional management in order to address their growth and nutrition requirements. There is an urgent need for larger, coordinated, prospective intervention studies of nutrition in SMA.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395 - 404
Number of pages10
JournalNeuromuscular Disorders
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016

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