Deriving pandemic disease mitigation strategies by mining social contact networks

M. Ventresca, A. Szatan, B. Say, D. Aleman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearch

Abstract

In this chapter we propose a robust approach to deriving disease mitigation strategies from contact networks that are generated from publicly available census data. The goal is to provide public policy makers additional information concerning the type of people they should aim to target vaccination, quarantine, or isolation measures towards. We focus on pandemic disease mitigation, but the approach can be applied to other domains, such as bioterrorism. The approach begins by constructing a representative contact network for the geographic area (we use the Greater Toronto Area of ≈ 5.5 million individuals) from census information. Then, network centrality measures are employed to ascertain the importance of each individual to the proper topological functioning of the network. The top-ranked individuals’ characteristics, as defined by census information, are then used as input to decision tree classifiers. The resulting output is a set of high-level rules that identify potential types of individuals to target in order to mitigate disease spread. Experimental evidence for the efficacy of the approach is also provided.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOptimization, Control, and Applications in the Information Age
Subtitle of host publicationIn Honor of Panos M. Pardalos’s 60th Birthday
EditorsAthanasios Migdalas, Athanasia Karakitsiou
Place of PublicationCham Switzerland
PublisherSpringer
Pages359-381
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9783319185675
ISBN (Print)9783319185668
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes
EventOptimization, Control and Applications in the Information Age 2014 - Macedonia, Greece
Duration: 15 Jun 201420 Jun 2014
https://10times.com/conference-on-optimization-control-and-applications-in-information-age

Publication series

NameSpringer Proceedings in Mathematics and Statistics
PublisherSpringer
Volume130
ISSN (Print)2194-1009
ISSN (Electronic)2194-1017

Conference

ConferenceOptimization, Control and Applications in the Information Age 2014
Country/TerritoryGreece
CityMacedonia
Period15/06/1420/06/14
Internet address

Keywords

  • Contact network
  • Decision tree
  • Pandemic planning
  • Public policy generation

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