Deriving health utility indices from a food allergy quality-of-life questionnaire

Gang Chen, Audrey DunnGalvin, Matthew Greenhawt, Marcus Shaker, Dianne E. Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background: The Food Allergy Quality-of-Life Questionnaire-Parent Form (FAQLQ-PF) is widely used to assess food allergy–specific health-related quality of life (FAQL), but cannot be used directly in cost-utility analyses, which require health state utility (HSU) scores. Currently, limited evidence is available regarding the HSU of food-allergic children/adolescents. This study aimed to develop mapping algorithms from the FAQLQ-PF onto HSU scores generated by generic, preference-based, health-related quality-of-life (HRQL) instruments. Methods: Caregivers of children aged 7 to 17 years with a clinician diagnosis of IgE-mediated food allergy, recruited via Allergy & Anaphylaxis Australia, completed an online FAQLQ-PF questionnaire and proxy generic preference-based pediatric instruments (Assessment of Quality of Life [AQoL]-6D and Child Health Utility 9D [CHU9D]). Optimal statistical methods were based on series of goodness-of-fit statistics. Results: Mean FAQLQ-PF total score, AQoL-6D, and CHU9D utility scores of 238 food-allergic children/adolescents were 3.49 (SD: 1.41), 0.78 (SD: 0.22), and 0.74 (SD: 0.22), respectively. The Spearman correlation coefficients of FAQLQ-PF with AQoL-6D and CHU9D were rho = −0.56 and rho = −0.45, respectively. Optimal mapping algorithms were generated from selected FAQLQ-PF items, mapped onto AQoL-6D or CHU9D utility scores, with AQoL-6D demonstrating better performance. Conclusions: This study generated mapping algorithms to help facilitate the use of FAQLQ-PF for cost-utility analyses, which are essential for health economic evaluation. External validation of the reported mapping algorithms is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalPediatric Allergy and Immunology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • food allergy
  • health state utility
  • mapping
  • quality of life
  • quality-adjusted life years

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