Dengue virus population genetics in Yogyakarta, Indonesia prior to city-wide Wolbachia deployment

Eggi Arguni, Citra Indriani, Ayu Rahayu, Endah Supriyati, Benediktus Yohan, Rahma F. Hayati, Satrio Wardana, Warsito Tantowijoyo, Muhammad Ridwan Anshari, Endang Rahayu, Rubangi, Riris Andono Ahmad, Adi Utarini, Cameron P. Simmons, R. Tedjo Sasmono

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    Dengue has been endemic in Yogyakarta, Indonesia for decades. Here, we report the dengue epidemiology, entomology, and virology in Yogyakarta in 2016–2017, prior to the commencement of the Applying Wolbachia to Eliminate Dengue (AWED) randomized trial. Dengue epidemiological data were compiled and blood samples from dengue-suspected patients were tested for dengue virus (DENV). Ae. aegypti mosquito samples were caught from the field using BG-Sentinel traps and tested for the presence of DENV infection. Sequencing of the DENV E gene was used to determine the phylogeny and genotypes of circulating DENV. Within the last decade, the 2016–2017 dengue incidence was considered very high. Among the 649 plasma samples collected between March 2016–February 2017; and 36,910 mosquito samples collected between December 2016–May 2017, a total of 197 and 38 samples were DENV-positive by qRT-PCR, respectively. All four DENV serotypes were detected, with DENV-3 (n = 88; 44.67%) and DENV-1 (n = 87; 44.16%) as the predominant serotype, followed by DENV-4 (n = 12; 6.09%) and DENV-2 (n = 10; 5.08%). The Yogyakarta DENV-1 isolates were classified into Genotype I and IV, while DENV-2, DENV-3, and DENV-4 isolates were classified into the Cosmopolitan genotype, Genotype I, and Genotype II, respectively. Yogyakarta DENV isolates were closely related to Indonesian strains from neighboring Javanese cities, consistent with the endemic circulation of DENV on this highly populous island. Our study provides comprehensive baseline information on the DENV population genetic characteristics in Yogyakarta, which are useful as baseline data for the AWED trial and the future DENV surveillance in the city in the presence of a Wolbachia-infected Ae. aegypti population.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number105308
    Number of pages12
    JournalInfection, Genetics and Evolution
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022


    • Dengue
    • Epidemiology
    • Genotype
    • Phylogeny
    • Serotype
    • Wolbachia
    • Yogyakarta

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