The aim of this study was to demonstrate the presence of 5-HT(3) receptors in the mouse bladder and to determine their location. Bladder strips from female mice were set up in gassed Krebs-Henseleit solution at 37 degrees C and contractions recorded in response to electrical field stimulation (8 Hz, 60 V, 0.5-ms pulse duration) applied for 2 s every 50 s. The potentiating effects of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) were recorded (in the presence of 1-microM methysergide and 1-microM GR125487 to isolate the 5-HT(3) receptor response), and contractions were expressed as a percentage of the response to 0.1-M KCl. Responses to (5-HT) were also obtained in the presence of the 5-HT(3) receptor antagonist, ondansetron. RT-PCR was used to detect the expression of the 5-HT(3A) and 5-HT(3B) subunit transcripts of the mouse 5-HT(3) receptor. 5-HT and 5-HT(3) receptor agonists caused concentration-dependent increases in the force of neurogenic contractions without affecting the baseline tone. The rank order of potency was: meta-chloro-phenylbiguanide (m-CPB) = 5-HT > 2-methyl-5-HT (2m5-HT) = 1-phenylbiguanide (1-PBG). The respective pEC(50) values were: 6.42 +/- 0.2 = 5.95 +/- 0.19 > 5.35 +/- 0.12 = 5.14 +/- 0.13. m-CPB acted as a full agonist (E (max) = 40.65 +/- 3.81 KCl), but both 2m5-HT and 1-PBG acted as lower potency partial agonists. Ondansetron (30, 100, 300 nM) caused concentration-related rightward displacements to the concentration-effect curve to 5-HT. Nonlinear regression analysis of the effect of the ondansetron concentrations on the pEC(50) values produced a pK(B) value of 8.29 +/- 0.22. Desensitization of sensory nerves to the contractile effect of capsaicin (10 microM for 60 min) did not alter the ability of 5-HT to potentiate neurogenic contractions. 5-HT (3 microM) inhibited contractions induced by direct muscle stimulation (lignocaine, 300 microM and 10-ms pulse width)...
|Pages (from-to)||359 - 368|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - 2007|