Demographic, mental health, and offending characteristics of online child exploitation material offenders

a comparison with contact-only and dual sexual offenders

Marie Henshaw, James R.P. Ogloff, Jonathan A. Clough

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Technological advances have dramatically increased the ability to access, distribute and produce child exploitation material (CEM) online, resulting in increased numbers of individuals being charged with CEM offences. This study examined the demographic, mental health, and offending characteristics of CEM offenders (n = 456) in comparison to child contact sexual offenders (n = 493) and offenders with a history of both CEM and contact offences (dual offenders, n = 256). A robust data linkage methodology was employed to link records from statewide corrections services with policing and mental health records in Victoria, Australia. The results indicated that CEM offenders differed from both contact and dual offenders, and that the groups were primarily differentiated based on two factors: antisocial orientation and sexual deviance. CEM offenders demonstrated high rates of sexual deviance but low rates of antisociality, contact offenders exhibited the opposite pattern, and dual offenders had both high sexual deviance and antisociality. The findings suggest that existing sexual offender assessment and treatment frameworks are unlikely to be suitable for exclusive CEM offenders. The implications for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-215
Number of pages18
JournalBehavioral Sciences and the Law
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018

Cite this

@article{f1829ac82e4a45c6a24c3f6706139d54,
title = "Demographic, mental health, and offending characteristics of online child exploitation material offenders: a comparison with contact-only and dual sexual offenders",
abstract = "Technological advances have dramatically increased the ability to access, distribute and produce child exploitation material (CEM) online, resulting in increased numbers of individuals being charged with CEM offences. This study examined the demographic, mental health, and offending characteristics of CEM offenders (n = 456) in comparison to child contact sexual offenders (n = 493) and offenders with a history of both CEM and contact offences (dual offenders, n = 256). A robust data linkage methodology was employed to link records from statewide corrections services with policing and mental health records in Victoria, Australia. The results indicated that CEM offenders differed from both contact and dual offenders, and that the groups were primarily differentiated based on two factors: antisocial orientation and sexual deviance. CEM offenders demonstrated high rates of sexual deviance but low rates of antisociality, contact offenders exhibited the opposite pattern, and dual offenders had both high sexual deviance and antisociality. The findings suggest that existing sexual offender assessment and treatment frameworks are unlikely to be suitable for exclusive CEM offenders. The implications for future research are discussed.",
author = "Marie Henshaw and Ogloff, {James R.P.} and Clough, {Jonathan A.}",
year = "2018",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/bsl.2337",
language = "English",
volume = "36",
pages = "198--215",
journal = "Behavioral Sciences and the Law",
issn = "0735-3936",
publisher = "John Wiley & Sons",
number = "2",

}

Demographic, mental health, and offending characteristics of online child exploitation material offenders : a comparison with contact-only and dual sexual offenders. / Henshaw, Marie; Ogloff, James R.P.; Clough, Jonathan A.

In: Behavioral Sciences and the Law, Vol. 36, No. 2, 01.03.2018, p. 198-215.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Demographic, mental health, and offending characteristics of online child exploitation material offenders

T2 - a comparison with contact-only and dual sexual offenders

AU - Henshaw, Marie

AU - Ogloff, James R.P.

AU - Clough, Jonathan A.

PY - 2018/3/1

Y1 - 2018/3/1

N2 - Technological advances have dramatically increased the ability to access, distribute and produce child exploitation material (CEM) online, resulting in increased numbers of individuals being charged with CEM offences. This study examined the demographic, mental health, and offending characteristics of CEM offenders (n = 456) in comparison to child contact sexual offenders (n = 493) and offenders with a history of both CEM and contact offences (dual offenders, n = 256). A robust data linkage methodology was employed to link records from statewide corrections services with policing and mental health records in Victoria, Australia. The results indicated that CEM offenders differed from both contact and dual offenders, and that the groups were primarily differentiated based on two factors: antisocial orientation and sexual deviance. CEM offenders demonstrated high rates of sexual deviance but low rates of antisociality, contact offenders exhibited the opposite pattern, and dual offenders had both high sexual deviance and antisociality. The findings suggest that existing sexual offender assessment and treatment frameworks are unlikely to be suitable for exclusive CEM offenders. The implications for future research are discussed.

AB - Technological advances have dramatically increased the ability to access, distribute and produce child exploitation material (CEM) online, resulting in increased numbers of individuals being charged with CEM offences. This study examined the demographic, mental health, and offending characteristics of CEM offenders (n = 456) in comparison to child contact sexual offenders (n = 493) and offenders with a history of both CEM and contact offences (dual offenders, n = 256). A robust data linkage methodology was employed to link records from statewide corrections services with policing and mental health records in Victoria, Australia. The results indicated that CEM offenders differed from both contact and dual offenders, and that the groups were primarily differentiated based on two factors: antisocial orientation and sexual deviance. CEM offenders demonstrated high rates of sexual deviance but low rates of antisociality, contact offenders exhibited the opposite pattern, and dual offenders had both high sexual deviance and antisociality. The findings suggest that existing sexual offender assessment and treatment frameworks are unlikely to be suitable for exclusive CEM offenders. The implications for future research are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85045676151&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/bsl.2337

DO - 10.1002/bsl.2337

M3 - Article

VL - 36

SP - 198

EP - 215

JO - Behavioral Sciences and the Law

JF - Behavioral Sciences and the Law

SN - 0735-3936

IS - 2

ER -