Delinquency, School Context, and Risk Factors in India, Australia, and the United States: Implications for Prevention

Michael J. Parks, Renati J. Solomon, Shreeletha Solomon, Bosco C. Rowland, Sheryl A. Hemphill, George C. Patton, John W. Toumbourou

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5 Citations (Scopus)


There is a dearth of research on delinquency, school context, and risk factors across developed and developing nations. Using representative samples and matched surveys, we examined delinquency among cohorts in Mumbai, India (N = 3,717); Victoria, Australia (N = 1,842); and Washington State (WA), United States (N = 1,828). We used multivariate Poisson hierarchical linear modeling. Risk factor and delinquency levels varied across sites. Delinquency clustered within certain schools, particularly in Mumbai. Community disorganization exhibited an association with delinquency as a school-level context effect in Mumbai and Victoria. Peer delinquency, sensation seeking, and poor family management exhibited cross-nationally consistent associations with delinquency. Programs that target schools, the clustering of problem behaviors, and cross-nationally consistent risk factors should be considered internationally.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-157
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Research on Adolescence
Issue numberS1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020
Externally publishedYes

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