Delineating inflammatory and mechanical sub-types of low back pain: A pilot survey of fifty low back pain patients in a chiropractic setting

Janine Riksman, Owen Williamson, Bruce Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


An instrument known as the Mechanical and Inflammatory Low Back Pain (MAIL) Scale was drafted using the results of a previous expert opinion study. A pilot survey was conducted to test the feasibility of a larger study designed to determine the MAIL Scale s ability to distinguish two potential subgroups of low back pain: inflammatory and mechanical.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1 - 9
Number of pages9
JournalChiropractic and Manual Therapies
Issue numberArt. No: 5
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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