Delay to treatment and visual outcomes in patients treated with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor for age-related macular degeneration

Jonathan H Lim, Sanjeewa Wickremasinghe, Jing Xie, Devinder Singh Chauhan, Paul N Baird, Liubov Robman, Gregory Scott Hageman, Robyn Heather Guymer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the potential influences that affect visual acuity (VA) outcome in a clinic-based cohort of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) patients undergoing antivascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) treatment for choroidal neovascularization. Design: Prospective interventional case series. Methods: Patients with subfoveal choroidal neovascularization (CNV) secondary to AMD were prospectively recruited. A detailed questionnaire was given to patients at time of enrollment, to collect information relating to demographics, history of visual symptoms, visual acuity (VA), and treatment scheduling. Delay from symptoms to treatment ( Treatment delay ) was measured in terms of weeks and analyzed in tertiles. Information pertaining to treatment outcomes was collected over a 6-month period. Results: One hundred eighty-five eyes of 185 patients were recruited into the study. Longer delay from first symptoms suggestive of CNV to first injection was a significant predictor (P =.015) of poorer treatment outcome, when controlling for age, sex, and baseline VA. Patients with a delay in treatment of 21 weeks or more compared to a delay of 7 weeks or less had an odds ratio of 2.62 (1.20, 5.68) for worsening vision after treatment. Conclusions: Patients experiencing a longer delay between their first symptoms of CNV and their first anti-VEGF treatment have a significantly lower chance of improving vision at 6 months following anti-VEGF therapy. It is critical that this information reach those at potential vision loss from AMD, in order that prompt treatment may be instituted, to maximize the benefits of anti-VEGF treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)678 - 686
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume153
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Cite this