Degranulation enhances release of a stable contractile factor from rabbit polymorphonuclear leukocytes

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We investigated the release of a stable contractile factor(s) from rabbit isolated polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs; 108 cells/ml) incubated in Tyrode buffer at 37°C. PMNs were untreated, stimulated with N-formylmethionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (FMLP; 0.1 μM), or degranulated with cytochalasin B (1 μM) in combination with FMLP (0.1 μM). Products from unstimulated PMNs incubated for 60 min caused significantly greater contraction of rabbit isolated aorta (0.56 ± 0.12 g, n = 8) than did products released from PMNs during a 5-min incubation (0.32 ± 0.07 g, n = 11, P <0.05). Stimulation alone did not affect contractile factor release; however, products released from degranulated PMNs caused significantly greater aortic contraction (0.48 ± 0.08 g, n = 5) than products from nondegranulated PMNs (0.24 ± 0.04 g, n = 5, P <0.05) after a 5-min incubation. The contractile activity of PMN-derived products was virtually abolished by heat (90°C, 10 min) or protease (trypsin; 166 U/ml, 5 h) treatment. These findings suggest a PMN-derived protein vasoconstrictor(s) is spontaneously released at a slow rate in vitro and that degranulation can enhance this rate of release. Because PMN degranulation in vivo is associated with inflammation, these results support suggestions that PMN-derived contractile factors may contribute to the impaired blood flow observed during postischemic reperfusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H1545 - H1551
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number5 Pt 2
Publication statusPublished - May 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Cytochalasin B
  • N-formylmethionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine
  • Rabbit thoracic aorta

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