. In many ecosystems, the local abundance of organisms is spatially heterogeneous. Ecologists often seek to explain this variation by modelling the central tendency of abundance as a function of a single dominant factor (central response, CR). An alternative approach is to model maximum and minimum abundance in relation to the dominant factor (limiting response, LR), thereby acknowledging that multiple factors may constrain abundance and create scatter in the relationship.
Lancaster, J., & Belyea, L. (2006). Defining the limits to local density: alternative views of abundance-environment relationships. Freshwater Biology, 51(4), 783 - 796. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2006.01518.x