Defining a relationship between pearlite morphology and ferrite crystallographic orientation

A. Durgaprasad, S. Giri, S. Lenka, S. Kundu, S. Mishra, S. Chandra, R. D. Doherty, I. Samajdar

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36 Citations (Scopus)


This study involved fully pearlitic wires of seven different diameters (5.5–1.6 mm). All samples were laboratory annealed to re-austenitize and were then air-cooled to reform the pearlite structure. Morphological alignment of the pearlite, along the wire axis, improved significantly, 32% to 93%, as the wire diameter decreased. This improvement coincided with increases in the <110> ferrite fiber texture, and falls in the axial residual stresses. In all the wires, the majority of the pearlite lamellae appeared to align, in a 2-D analysis, with minimum elastic stiffness (EMin under simple compression) for the ferrite (α). This correlation increased from 80% to 98% with decrease in wire diameter and fall in axial residual stresses. 3-D microstructures by serial sectioning, 3-D rotations seeking EMin and observations on coarse pearlite, indicated that {011}α and <001> α were, respectively, the pearlite interface (or habit plane) and growth direction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-289
Number of pages12
JournalActa Materialia
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • EBSD
  • Pearlite
  • Residual stress
  • Texture
  • Volume change

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