Decreased expression of Krüppel-like factors in memory B cells induces the rapid response typical of secondary antibody responses

Kim Good, Stuart G. Tangye

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79 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Secondary antibody responses are characterized by the rapid kinetics of the responding cells, including the production of larger amounts of serum Ig compared with the primary response. Memory B cells, which are responsible for this phenomenon, undergo greater proliferation and differentiation into Ig-secreting plasma cells than naïve B cells. We have found that memory cells rapidly enter cell division, irrespective of extrinsic stimuli. Microarray analysis of human splenic B cells revealed that naive cells express higher levels than memory B cells of Krüppel-like factor (KLF) 4, KLF9, and promyelocyte leukemia zinc finger (PLZF), transcription factors important in maintaining cellular quiescence. These genes were down-regulated after activation through CD40 and the B cell receptor. Enforced expression of KLF4, KLF9, and PLZF in memory B cells delayed their entry into division and reduced the number of proliferating cells, such that the behavior of transfected memory cells resembled that of naïve B cells. Thus, the accelerated response of memory B cells correlates with reduced expression of KLF4, KLF9, and PLZF and the subsequent regulatory effects they exert on the cell cycle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13420-13425
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume104
Issue number33
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Aug 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cellular quiescence
  • Human B cells
  • Immunological memory
  • Lymphocyte activation
  • Proliferation

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