Deconstructing and reconstructing cognitive performance in sleep deprivation

Melinda L. Jackson, Glenn Gunzelmann, Paul Whitney, John M. Hinson, Gregory Belenky, Arnaud Rabat, Hans P.A. Van Dongen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

90 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mitigation of cognitive impairment due to sleep deprivation in operational settings is critical for safety and productivity. Achievements in this area are hampered by limited knowledge about the effects of sleep loss on actual job tasks. Sleep deprivation has different effects on different cognitive performance tasks, but the mechanisms behind this task-specificity are poorly understood. In this context it is important to recognize that cognitive performance is not a unitary process, but involves a number of component processes. There is emerging evidence that these component processes are differentially affected by sleep loss. Experiments have been conducted to decompose sleep-deprived performance into underlying cognitive processes using cognitive-behavioral, neuroimaging and cognitive modeling techniques. Furthermore, computational modeling in cognitive architectures has been employed to simulate sleep-deprived cognitive performance on the basis of the constituent cognitive processes. These efforts are beginning to enable quantitative prediction of the effects of sleep deprivation across different task contexts. This paper reviews a rapidly evolving area of research, and outlines a theoretical framework in which the effects of sleep loss on cognition may be understood from the deficits in the underlying neurobiology to the applied consequences in real-world job tasks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-225
Number of pages11
JournalSleep Medicine Reviews
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brain activation
  • Cognitive architecture
  • Cognitive processes
  • Diffusion model
  • Fatigue
  • Local sleep
  • Neurobehavioral performance
  • Sleep loss
  • Sleepiness
  • Task impurity

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