Decidual stromal cells form the largest proportion of maternal cells at the maternal-fetal interface. Our aim was to investigate the role of the pre-eclampsia associated decidual activin receptor, ACVR2A, in regulating trophoblast functions at this interface. St-T1b and HTR-8/SVneo cell lines were used to model decidual stromal and trophoblast cells respectively. St-T1b conditioned medium inhibited HTR-8/SVneo adhesion, proliferation, migration and invasion; all effects that were attenuated by decidual ACVR2A siRNA transfection. These findings suggest that altered decidual ACVR2A expression perturbs the maternal-fetal crosstalk involved in regulating trophoblast function at the interface, which may affect placentation and lead to pre-eclampsia.
- Decidual stromal cells
- Extravillous trophoblast