Dacarbazine is commonly administered for the treatment of cancers prevalent in reproductive age females. However, investigations of off-target effects of dacarbazine on the ovary are limited. We assessed the impact of dacarbazine on the ovarian reserve of primordial follicles, essential for fertility. Eight week and 6 month old C57BL/6 J mice were administered with dacarbazine or saline on day (d)0 and d7, then sacrificed after 12 hours (h), or 14d (n = 4-5/group). Follicle numbers, follicle density, serum AMH and corpora lutea were quantified and estrous cyclicity monitored. In reproductively young mice, dacarbazine did not affect primordial follicle numbers at 12 h, but resulted in a 36% reduction at 14d (p < 0.05). Dacarbazine-mediated primordial follicle depletion was accelerated with age, with a 24% (p < 0.05) and 36% (p < 0.01) reduction at 12 h and 14d. Follicle density remained unchanged between treatment groups at either age. Dacarbazine depleted antral follicles at 14d (p < 0.05), at both ages. Despite partial reduction of antral follicles, serum AMH, estrous cyclicity and corpora lutea (indicative of ovulation) remained unchanged between treatment groups, at both ages. Importantly, diminished ovarian reserve can result in premature ovarian insufficiency and infertility, thus, fertility preservation options should be considered for young female patients prior to dacarbazine treatment.
- cell death
John Phelps (Manager)Office of the Vice-Provost (Research and Research Infrastructure)
Camilla Cohen (Manager)Office of the Vice-Provost (Research and Research Infrastructure)
Ian Harper (Manager), Stephen Firth (Manager), Alex Fulcher (Operator), Oleks Chernyavskiy (Operator), Margaret Rzeszutek (Other), David Potter (Manager), Volker Hilsenstein (Operator), Juan Nunez-Iglesias (Other), Stephen Cody (Manager), Irena Carmichael (Operator), Betty Kouskousis (Other), Chad Johnson (Operator), Sarah Creed (Manager) & Giulia Ballerin (Operator)Office of the Vice-Provost (Research and Research Infrastructure)