Cytokine therapy with interleukin-2/anti-interleukin-2 monoclonal antibody complexes expands CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells and attenuates development and progression of atherosclerosis

Tam N Dinh, Tin Soe Kyaw, Peter Kanellakis, Kelly Yen-Yon To, Peter George Tipping, Ban-Hock Toh, Alexander Bobik, Alexander Agrotis

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Abstract

CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) attenuate atherosclerosis, but their therapeutic application by adoptive transfer is limited by the need for their expansion in vitro and limited purity. Recently, an interleukin (IL)-2/anti-IL-2 neutralizing monoclonal antibody (IL-2/anti-IL-2 mAb) complex has been shown to expand these Tregs. We examined the capacity of a modified IL-2/anti-IL-2 mAb treatment to expand Tregs and inhibit both the progression and development of developed atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Six-week old apolipoprotein E-deficient mice fed a high-fat diet for 8 weeks were administered IL-2/anti-IL-2 mAb commencing 2 weeks after starting the diet. Tregs in the spleen, lymph node, and liver were selectively expanded without affecting CD4+, CD8+, or natural killer cells. Tregs were increased in lesions and lesion size reduced. CD4+ T-cells, macrophages, mature dendritic cells, proliferating cell nuclear antigen+ cells, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 were reduced. In anti-CD3-stimulated splenocytes, proliferation and secretion of Th1, Th2, and Th17 (IL-17) cytokines and IL-1beta were reduced. To determine whether treatment attenuated progression of developed atherosclerosis, 6-week-old apolipoprotein E-deficient mice were fed a high-fat diet for 6 weeks, followed by IL-2/anti-IL-2 mAb treatment for 6 weeks while continuing the high-fat diet. Treatment also increased Tregs without affecting CD4+, CD8+, or natural killer cells, suppressed inflammation, and greatly attenuated progression of atherosclerosis. CONCLUSIONS: IL-2/anti-IL-2 mAb treatment in vivo attenuates atherosclerosis via selective Tregs expansion. The findings suggest that cytokine-based IL-2/anti-IL-2 mAb complex therapy could represent an attractive approach for treating atherosclerosis, because it markedly attenuates progression as well as development, by modulating its immunoinflammatory component.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1256 - 1266
Number of pages11
JournalCirculation
Volume126
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Cite this

@article{707b57a0af2d474c82f98e08f6a0475b,
title = "Cytokine therapy with interleukin-2/anti-interleukin-2 monoclonal antibody complexes expands CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells and attenuates development and progression of atherosclerosis",
abstract = "CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) attenuate atherosclerosis, but their therapeutic application by adoptive transfer is limited by the need for their expansion in vitro and limited purity. Recently, an interleukin (IL)-2/anti-IL-2 neutralizing monoclonal antibody (IL-2/anti-IL-2 mAb) complex has been shown to expand these Tregs. We examined the capacity of a modified IL-2/anti-IL-2 mAb treatment to expand Tregs and inhibit both the progression and development of developed atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Six-week old apolipoprotein E-deficient mice fed a high-fat diet for 8 weeks were administered IL-2/anti-IL-2 mAb commencing 2 weeks after starting the diet. Tregs in the spleen, lymph node, and liver were selectively expanded without affecting CD4+, CD8+, or natural killer cells. Tregs were increased in lesions and lesion size reduced. CD4+ T-cells, macrophages, mature dendritic cells, proliferating cell nuclear antigen+ cells, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 were reduced. In anti-CD3-stimulated splenocytes, proliferation and secretion of Th1, Th2, and Th17 (IL-17) cytokines and IL-1beta were reduced. To determine whether treatment attenuated progression of developed atherosclerosis, 6-week-old apolipoprotein E-deficient mice were fed a high-fat diet for 6 weeks, followed by IL-2/anti-IL-2 mAb treatment for 6 weeks while continuing the high-fat diet. Treatment also increased Tregs without affecting CD4+, CD8+, or natural killer cells, suppressed inflammation, and greatly attenuated progression of atherosclerosis. CONCLUSIONS: IL-2/anti-IL-2 mAb treatment in vivo attenuates atherosclerosis via selective Tregs expansion. The findings suggest that cytokine-based IL-2/anti-IL-2 mAb complex therapy could represent an attractive approach for treating atherosclerosis, because it markedly attenuates progression as well as development, by modulating its immunoinflammatory component.",
author = "Dinh, {Tam N} and Kyaw, {Tin Soe} and Peter Kanellakis and To, {Kelly Yen-Yon} and Tipping, {Peter George} and Ban-Hock Toh and Alexander Bobik and Alexander Agrotis",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.112.099044",
language = "English",
volume = "126",
pages = "1256 -- 1266",
journal = "Circulation",
issn = "0009-7322",
publisher = "Am Heart Assoc",
number = "10",

}

Cytokine therapy with interleukin-2/anti-interleukin-2 monoclonal antibody complexes expands CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells and attenuates development and progression of atherosclerosis. / Dinh, Tam N; Kyaw, Tin Soe; Kanellakis, Peter; To, Kelly Yen-Yon; Tipping, Peter George; Toh, Ban-Hock; Bobik, Alexander; Agrotis, Alexander.

In: Circulation, Vol. 126, No. 10, 2012, p. 1256 - 1266.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cytokine therapy with interleukin-2/anti-interleukin-2 monoclonal antibody complexes expands CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells and attenuates development and progression of atherosclerosis

AU - Dinh, Tam N

AU - Kyaw, Tin Soe

AU - Kanellakis, Peter

AU - To, Kelly Yen-Yon

AU - Tipping, Peter George

AU - Toh, Ban-Hock

AU - Bobik, Alexander

AU - Agrotis, Alexander

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) attenuate atherosclerosis, but their therapeutic application by adoptive transfer is limited by the need for their expansion in vitro and limited purity. Recently, an interleukin (IL)-2/anti-IL-2 neutralizing monoclonal antibody (IL-2/anti-IL-2 mAb) complex has been shown to expand these Tregs. We examined the capacity of a modified IL-2/anti-IL-2 mAb treatment to expand Tregs and inhibit both the progression and development of developed atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Six-week old apolipoprotein E-deficient mice fed a high-fat diet for 8 weeks were administered IL-2/anti-IL-2 mAb commencing 2 weeks after starting the diet. Tregs in the spleen, lymph node, and liver were selectively expanded without affecting CD4+, CD8+, or natural killer cells. Tregs were increased in lesions and lesion size reduced. CD4+ T-cells, macrophages, mature dendritic cells, proliferating cell nuclear antigen+ cells, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 were reduced. In anti-CD3-stimulated splenocytes, proliferation and secretion of Th1, Th2, and Th17 (IL-17) cytokines and IL-1beta were reduced. To determine whether treatment attenuated progression of developed atherosclerosis, 6-week-old apolipoprotein E-deficient mice were fed a high-fat diet for 6 weeks, followed by IL-2/anti-IL-2 mAb treatment for 6 weeks while continuing the high-fat diet. Treatment also increased Tregs without affecting CD4+, CD8+, or natural killer cells, suppressed inflammation, and greatly attenuated progression of atherosclerosis. CONCLUSIONS: IL-2/anti-IL-2 mAb treatment in vivo attenuates atherosclerosis via selective Tregs expansion. The findings suggest that cytokine-based IL-2/anti-IL-2 mAb complex therapy could represent an attractive approach for treating atherosclerosis, because it markedly attenuates progression as well as development, by modulating its immunoinflammatory component.

AB - CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) attenuate atherosclerosis, but their therapeutic application by adoptive transfer is limited by the need for their expansion in vitro and limited purity. Recently, an interleukin (IL)-2/anti-IL-2 neutralizing monoclonal antibody (IL-2/anti-IL-2 mAb) complex has been shown to expand these Tregs. We examined the capacity of a modified IL-2/anti-IL-2 mAb treatment to expand Tregs and inhibit both the progression and development of developed atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Six-week old apolipoprotein E-deficient mice fed a high-fat diet for 8 weeks were administered IL-2/anti-IL-2 mAb commencing 2 weeks after starting the diet. Tregs in the spleen, lymph node, and liver were selectively expanded without affecting CD4+, CD8+, or natural killer cells. Tregs were increased in lesions and lesion size reduced. CD4+ T-cells, macrophages, mature dendritic cells, proliferating cell nuclear antigen+ cells, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 were reduced. In anti-CD3-stimulated splenocytes, proliferation and secretion of Th1, Th2, and Th17 (IL-17) cytokines and IL-1beta were reduced. To determine whether treatment attenuated progression of developed atherosclerosis, 6-week-old apolipoprotein E-deficient mice were fed a high-fat diet for 6 weeks, followed by IL-2/anti-IL-2 mAb treatment for 6 weeks while continuing the high-fat diet. Treatment also increased Tregs without affecting CD4+, CD8+, or natural killer cells, suppressed inflammation, and greatly attenuated progression of atherosclerosis. CONCLUSIONS: IL-2/anti-IL-2 mAb treatment in vivo attenuates atherosclerosis via selective Tregs expansion. The findings suggest that cytokine-based IL-2/anti-IL-2 mAb complex therapy could represent an attractive approach for treating atherosclerosis, because it markedly attenuates progression as well as development, by modulating its immunoinflammatory component.

UR - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22851544

U2 - 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.112.099044

DO - 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.112.099044

M3 - Article

VL - 126

SP - 1256

EP - 1266

JO - Circulation

JF - Circulation

SN - 0009-7322

IS - 10

ER -