Cyrene

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Abstract

Cyrene (dihydrolevoglucosenone) is a sustainable, easily biodegradable, and nontoxic solvent derived from cellulose-containing biomass. Being a dipolar, aprotic, and high boiling point solvent, Cyrene is often considered as a green alternative to DMF and NMP. Despite some limitations, Cyrene and its aqueous solutions (mixtures with its hydrated form) serve as media for several important organic reactions. Cyrene has also found important applications in material sciences, particularly in the production of metal-organic frameworks, graphene, and polymeric membranes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGreen Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science
Subtitle of host publicationPlant-Derived Green Solvents: Properties and Applications
Editors Inamuddin, Rajender Boddula, Abdullah M. Asiri
Place of PublicationAmsterdam Netherlands
PublisherElsevier
Chapter12
Pages205-218
Number of pages14
Edition1st
ISBN (Electronic)9780128218860
ISBN (Print)9780128219003
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Cellulose
  • Cyrene
  • Dihydrolevoglucosenone
  • Graphene
  • Green solvent
  • Levoglucosenone
  • Organic synthesis

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