CYP101J2, CYP101J3, and CYP101J4, 1,8-cineolehydroxylating cytochrome P450 monooxygenases from Sphingobium yanoikuyae strain B2

Birgit Unterweger, Dieter M. Bulach, Judith Scoble, David J. Midgley, Paul Greenfield, Dena Lyras, Priscilla Johanesen, Geoffrey J. Dumsday

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We report the isolation and characterization of three new cytochrome P450 monooxygenases: CYP101J2, CYP101J3, and CYP101J4. These P450s were derived from Sphingobium yanoikuyae B2, a strain that was isolated from activated sludge based on its ability to fully mineralize 1,8-cineole. Genome sequencing of this strain in combination with purification of native 1,8- cineole-binding proteins enabled identification of 1,8-cineole-binding P450s. The P450 enzymes were cloned, heterologously expressed (N-terminally His6 tagged) in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3), purified, and spectroscopically characterized. Recombinant whole-cell biotransformation in E. coli demonstrated that all three P450s hydroxylate 1,8-cineole using electron transport partners from E. coli to yield a product putatively identified as (1S)-2α-hydroxy-1,8-cineole or (1R)-6α-hydroxy-1,8-cineole. The new P450s belong to the CYP101 family and share 47% and 44% identity with other 1,8-cineole-hydroxylating members found in Novosphingobium aromaticivorans and Pseudomonas putida. Compared to P450cin (CYP176A1), a 1,8-cineole-hydroxylating P450 from Citrobacter braakii, these enzymes share less than 30% amino acid sequence identity and hydroxylate 1,8-cineole in a different orientation. Expansion of the enzyme toolbox for modification of 1,8-cineole creates a starting point for use of hydroxylated derivatives in a range of industrial applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6507-6517
Number of pages11
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016

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