Cyclophilin a promotes inflammation in acute kidney injury but not in renal fibrosis

Khai Gene Leong, Elyce Ozols, John Kanellis, David J. Nikolic-Paterson, Frank Y. Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Cyclophilin A (CypA) is a highly abundant protein in the cytoplasm of most mammalian cells. Beyond its homeostatic role in protein folding, CypA is a Damage-Associated Molecular Pattern which can promote inflammation during tissue injury. However, the role of CypA in kidney disease is largely unknown. This study investigates the contribution of CypA in two different types of kidney injury: acute tubular necrosis and progressive interstitial fibrosis. CypA (Ppia) gene deficient and wild type (WT) littermate controls underwent bilateral renal ischaemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) and were killed 24h later or underwent left unilateral ureteric obstruction (UUO) and were killed 7 days later. In the IRI model, CypA−/− mice showed substantial protection against the loss of renal function and from tubular cell damage and death. This was attributed to a significant reduction in neutrophil and macrophage infiltration since CypA−/− tubular cells were not protected from oxidant-induced cell death in vitro. In the UUO model, CypA−/− mice were not protected from leukocyte infiltration or renal interstitial fibrosis. In conclusion, CypA promotes inflammation and acute kidney injury in renal IRI, but does not contribute to inflammation or interstitial fibrosis in a model of progressive kidney fibrosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3667
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume21
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2020

Keywords

  • Acute kidney injury
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Cyclophilin A
  • Fibrosis
  • Inflammation
  • Renal fibrosis
  • Tubular necrosis

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