Current status of traumatic brain injury research in Malaysia: A systematic review

Alina Arulsamy, Mohd Farooq Shaikh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleOtherpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability worldwide. In 2009, the National Trauma Database Malaysia reported that nearly 80% of traumas in the population were caused by road traffic accidents, with 64% of these cases related to TBI. Despite these concerning reports, TBI reporting systems and research are still limited in Malaysia. Thus, this systematic review aimed to identify and evaluate the available literature on TBI in Malaysia in order to uncover the status of TBI research in Malaysia. A comprehensive literature search was performed on four databases (PubMed, Embase, Medline and Scopus) regarding TBI in Malaysia. Critical evaluation of 60 relevant articles after application of inclusion and exclusion criteria have indicated that TBI research in Malaysia may have significant limitations in representing the actual TBI population and was lacking in basic TBI research. Thus, there is a dire need for government and private institutions to provide support for the advancement of TBI reporting and the progression of basic, clinical and translation TBI research in Malaysia. This will create a deeper understanding of TBI, contributing to global TBI knowledge, and advancing the development of efficient interventions for Malaysians with its population heterogeneity taken into consideration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalNeuroscience Research Notes
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 5 Oct 2020


  • Basic research
  • Ethnicity
  • Long-term outcomes
  • Population studies

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