Post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) is a common and potentially debilitating complication of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), affecting up to 50% of DVT patients. The consequence of this chronic condition includes reduced quality of life, increased use of the healthcare system and decreased productivity. The societal impact of this condition is projected to increase, given our ageing population and increased burden of thrombotic diseases. Despite significant recent advances in our understanding of PTS, many unanswered questions remain. Currently, there are few effective and proven options for established PTS; hence, the emphasis should be on instituting effective prevention to reduce the progression to PTS. Effective anticoagulation lowers the risk of PTS, with direct oral anticoagulants appearing to outperform vitamin-K antagonists. However, the evidence for elastic compression stockings and endovascular thrombolysis or thrombectomy techniques remains unclear. Accurate identification of individuals at high risk of developing PTS may also improve the targeting of preventative interventions. This review will examine the current body of evidence regarding PTS, with a focus on preventative strategies as well as novel biomarkers.
- Deep vein thrombosis
- Post-thrombotic syndrome