We administered a paper-and-pencil questionnaire to 133 female and 99 male Japanese high school students 13-18years old (M=15.9, SD=1.57) from the Kansai area to examine cultural influences on their body image and body change behaviours. Our aim was to ascertathe independent and combined influences from traditional Japanese, modern Japanese, and Western values. Cluster analyses identified four 'acculturative' groups: 'anti-modern', 'traditional', 'pro-modern/anti-traditional', and 'pro-Western/anti-Japanese'. Pro-modern and pro-Western adolescents were most dissatisfied with their bodies, and pro-Western adolescents were also most likely to attempt weight loss. The results demonstrate the value of assessing cultural interactions Japan along three dimensions.
- Body image