Cultural influences on body dissatisfaction, body change behaviours, and disordered eating of Japanese adolescents

Miki Brokhoff, Alexander J. Mussap, David Mellor, Helen Skouteris, Lina A. Ricciardelli, Marita P. McCabe, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We administered a paper-and-pencil questionnaire to 133 female and 99 male Japanese high school students 13-18years old (M=15.9, SD=1.57) from the Kansai area to examine cultural influences on their body image and body change behaviours. Our aim was to ascertathe independent and combined influences from traditional Japanese, modern Japanese, and Western values. Cluster analyses identified four 'acculturative' groups: 'anti-modern', 'traditional', 'pro-modern/anti-traditional', and 'pro-Western/anti-Japanese'. Pro-modern and pro-Western adolescents were most dissatisfied with their bodies, and pro-Western adolescents were also most likely to attempt weight loss. The results demonstrate the value of assessing cultural interactions Japan along three dimensions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-248
Number of pages11
JournalAsian Journal of Social Psychology
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acculturation
  • Adolescents
  • Body image
  • Culture
  • Japan

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