Cryptic pocket formation underlies allosteric modulator selectivity at muscarinic GPCRs

Scott A. Hollingsworth, Brendan Kelly, Celine Valant, Jordan Arthur Michaelis, Olivia Mastromihalis, Geoff Thompson, A. J. Venkatakrishnan, Samuel Hertig, Peter J. Scammells, Patrick M. Sexton, Christian C. Felder, Arthur Christopoulos, Ron O. Dror

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Allosteric modulators are highly desirable as drugs, particularly for G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) targets, because allosteric drugs can achieve selectivity between closely related receptors. The mechanisms by which allosteric modulators achieve selectivity remain elusive, however, particularly given recent structures that reveal similar allosteric binding sites across receptors. Here we show that positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) of the M1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) achieve exquisite selectivity by occupying a dynamic pocket absent in existing crystal structures. This cryptic pocket forms far more frequently in molecular dynamics simulations of the M1 mAChR than in those of other mAChRs. These observations reconcile mutagenesis data that previously appeared contradictory. Further mutagenesis experiments validate our prediction that preventing cryptic pocket opening decreases the affinity of M1-selective PAMs. Our findings suggest opportunities for the design of subtype-specific drugs exploiting cryptic pockets that open in certain receptors but not in other receptors with nearly identical static structures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3289
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalNature Communications
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019

Cite this

Hollingsworth, S. A., Kelly, B., Valant, C., Michaelis, J. A., Mastromihalis, O., Thompson, G., ... Dror, R. O. (2019). Cryptic pocket formation underlies allosteric modulator selectivity at muscarinic GPCRs. Nature Communications, 10(1), 1-9. [3289]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-11062-7
Hollingsworth, Scott A. ; Kelly, Brendan ; Valant, Celine ; Michaelis, Jordan Arthur ; Mastromihalis, Olivia ; Thompson, Geoff ; Venkatakrishnan, A. J. ; Hertig, Samuel ; Scammells, Peter J. ; Sexton, Patrick M. ; Felder, Christian C. ; Christopoulos, Arthur ; Dror, Ron O. / Cryptic pocket formation underlies allosteric modulator selectivity at muscarinic GPCRs. In: Nature Communications. 2019 ; Vol. 10, No. 1. pp. 1-9.
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Hollingsworth, SA, Kelly, B, Valant, C, Michaelis, JA, Mastromihalis, O, Thompson, G, Venkatakrishnan, AJ, Hertig, S, Scammells, PJ, Sexton, PM, Felder, CC, Christopoulos, A & Dror, RO 2019, 'Cryptic pocket formation underlies allosteric modulator selectivity at muscarinic GPCRs', Nature Communications, vol. 10, no. 1, 3289, pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-11062-7

Cryptic pocket formation underlies allosteric modulator selectivity at muscarinic GPCRs. / Hollingsworth, Scott A.; Kelly, Brendan; Valant, Celine; Michaelis, Jordan Arthur; Mastromihalis, Olivia; Thompson, Geoff; Venkatakrishnan, A. J.; Hertig, Samuel; Scammells, Peter J.; Sexton, Patrick M.; Felder, Christian C.; Christopoulos, Arthur; Dror, Ron O.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 10, No. 1, 3289, 01.12.2019, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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Hollingsworth SA, Kelly B, Valant C, Michaelis JA, Mastromihalis O, Thompson G et al. Cryptic pocket formation underlies allosteric modulator selectivity at muscarinic GPCRs. Nature Communications. 2019 Dec 1;10(1):1-9. 3289. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-11062-7