Cryopreservation and long-term maintenance of bovine embryo-derived cell lines

Maryam Pashaiasl, Khodadadi Khodadad, Nadine Richings, Michael Kenneth Holland, Paul John Verma

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    14 Citations (Scopus)


    The aim of this study was to develop methods for cryopreservation and long-term maintenance of putative bovine embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Putative bovine ESC (bESC) lines (n = 3) isolated in conventional medium were used to compare slow-freezing and vitrification. After warming, vitrified cells (96.9 ) demonstrated significantly (P <0.05) better survival than frozen?thawed cells (81.5 ) and formed significantly more colonies with good morphology (vitrification: 93/93, 100.0 ; slow-freezing: 74/106, 69.81 ; P <0.05). The effect of inhibitors of differentiation (PD184352, SU5402, CHIR99021) on ESC maintenance was assessed on putative bESC lines established in N2B27?3i medium (n = 8) or conventional medium (n = 1) after culture over 30 passages (>240 days). All cell lines expressed ALP, SSEA1, SSEA4, OCT4, REX1 and SSEA1. OCT4 expression was confirmed by relative real-time PCR and was upregulated in early passages of putative bESCs cultured in N2B27?3i (2.9 ? 0.89-fold higher at Passage (P) 2?4), whereas the converse was observed later (P22?26; 2.2 ? 0.1-fold increase in conventional medium). Putative bESC lines isolated in N2B27?3i medium (n = 3) or conventional medium (n = 1) were vitrified at P18 and, after warming, were cultured for a further 12 passages. These cells survived vitrification and expressed OCT4, REX1, SSEA1, ALP, SSEA1 and SSEA4. These results demonstrate that putative bESC lines that express pluripotent markers can be cultured long term and retain expression of pluripotent markers after vitrification.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)707 - 718
    Number of pages12
    JournalReproduction, Fertility and Development
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

    Cite this