Crowdsourcing to develop open-access learning resources on antimicrobial resistance

Eneyi E. Kpokiri, Randall John, Dan Wu, Noah Fongwen, Jehan Z. Budak, Christina C. Chang, Jason J. Ong, Joseph D. Tucker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a significant threat to global public health. Many medical curricula have limited clinical cases and materials focused on AMR, yet enhanced AMR education and training are needed to support antimicrobial stewardship programmes. We used crowdsourcing methods to develop open-access, learner-centred AMR resources. Crowdsourcing is the process of having a large group, including experts and non-experts, solve a problem and then share solutions with the public. Methods: We organised a global crowdsourcing contest soliciting AMR-related multiple-choice questions, infographics, and images. First, we convened a diverse steering committee group to finalise a call for entries. Second, we launched the contest and disseminated the call for entries using social media, blog posts, email, and an in-person event. Partner institutions included two digital healthcare platforms: Figure 1® and Ding Xiang Yuan. Both organizations serve as online communities for healthcare specialists and professionals to report and comment on clinical information. At the end of the call, solicited entries were screened for eligibility and judged on merit and relevance to AMR learning and education. Exceptional entries were recognised, awarded prizes, and further reviewed for sharing with the public via open-access platforms. Results: We received 59 entries from nine countries. These included 54 multiple-choice questions, four infographics, and one image. Eligible entries (n = 56) were reviewed and assigned a score on a 1–10 scale. Eight entries received mean scores greater than 6.0 and were selected as finalists. The eight finalist entries consisted of three infographics and five multiple-choice questions. They were disseminated through open-access publications and online medical communities. Although we launched a global call, we relied heavily on medical student groups and the entries received were not entirely globally representative. Conclusions: We demonstrate that crowdsourcing challenge contests can be used to identify infectious disease teaching materials. Medical educators and curriculum developers can adapt this method to solicit additional teaching content for medical students.

Original languageEnglish
Article number914
Number of pages7
JournalBMC Infectious Diseases
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 6 Sept 2021


  • Antimicrobial resistance
  • Antimicrobial stewardship
  • Crowdsourcing
  • Curriculum development
  • Infectious diseases
  • Medical education

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