Cross-MapReduce: data transfer reduction in geo-distributed MapReduce

Saeed Mirpour Marzuni, Abdorreza Savadi, Adel N. Toosi, Mahmoud Naghibzadeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The MapReduce model is widely used to store and process big data in a distributed manner. MapReduce was originally developed for a single tightly coupled cluster of computers. Approaches such as Hierarchical and Geo-Hadoop are designed to address geo-distributed MapReduce processing. However, these methods still suffer from high inter-cluster data transfer over the Internet, which is prohibitive for processing today's globally big data. In line with our thinking that there is no need to transfer the entire intermediate results to a single global reducer, we propose Cross-MapReduce, a framework for geo-distributed MapReduce processing. Before any massive data transfer, our proposed method finds a set of best global reducers to minimize transferred data volumes. We propose a graph called Global Reduction Graph (GRG) to determine the number and the locations of the global reducers. We conducted extensive experimental evaluations using a real testbed to demonstrate the effectiveness of Cross-MapReduce. The experimental results show that Cross-MapReduce significantly outperforms the Hierarchical and Geo-Hadoop approaches and reduces the amount of data transfer over the Internet by 40%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-200
Number of pages13
JournalFuture Generation Computer Systems
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021


  • Big data
  • Data center
  • Geo-distributed
  • MapReduce

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